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Photos

Life in the Field

Region and Maps

Urban Origins: the Early Bronze Age (ca. 2700-2000 BC, Umm el-Marra Periods VI-IV)

Collapse: Middle Bronze I (ca. 2000-1800 BC, Umm el-Marra Period IIId)

Urban Regeneration: Middle Bronze II (ca. 1800-1600 BC, Umm el-Marra Period IIIa-c)

Imperial Absorption: Late Bronze (ca. 1600-1200 BC, Umm el-Marra Period II)

Occupation after the Bronze Age