Books and Special Issues

special issue CNRapp, B. (2011). (Ed.) Case Series in Cognitive Neuropsychology. Special Issue of Cognitive Neuropsychology.


Rapp, B. (Ed.) (2001). What Deficits Reveal about the Human Mind/Brain: A Handbook of Cognitive cogneuropsychNeuropsychology. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.

Articles and Chapters


Ellenblum, G., Purcell, J. J., Song, X., & Rapp, B. (2019). High-level Integrative Networks: A Resting-state fMRI Investigation of Reading and Spelling. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 1-17. supplementary material


Tsapkini, K., Webster, K.T., Ficek, B.N., Desmond, J.E., Onyike, C.U., Rapp, B., Frangakis, C.E., Hillis, A.E. (2018). Electrical brain-stimulation in different variants of primary progressive aphasia: a randomized clinical trial.  Alzheimer’s & Dementia; Translational Research and Clinical Interventions.

Rofes, A., Mandonnet, E., de Aguiar, V., Rapp, B., Tsapkini, K., Miceli, G. (2018). Language processing from the perspective of electrical stimulation mapping.  Cognitive Neuropsychology.

Breining, B., Nozari, B & Rapp, B.  (2018). Learning in complex, multi-component cognitive systems: Different learning challenges within the same system.  Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.

Wiley, R. & Rapp, B. (2018). Statistical analysis in small-n designs: Using linear mixed-effects modeling for evaluating intervention effectiveness.  Aphasiology, 1-30.

Purcell, J. J., & Rapp, B. (2018). Local response heterogeneity indexes experience-based neural differentiation in reading. NeuroImage183, 200-211.


McCloskey, M., & Rapp, B. (2017). Developmental dysgraphia: An overview and framework for research. Cognitive neuropsychology34(3-4), 65-82.

Hepner, C., McCloskey, M., & Rapp, B. (2017). Do reading and spelling share orthographic representations? Evidence from developmental dysgraphia. Cognitive neuropsychology34(3-4), 119-143.

Rothlein, D., & Rapp, B. (2017). The role of allograph representations in font-invariant letter identification.  Journal of Experimental Psychology:  Human Perception and Performance.

Breining, B., & Rapp, B.  (2017). Investigating the mechanisms of written word production:  Insights from the written blocked cyclic naming paradigm.  Reading and Writing, 1-30.

Lukic, S., Barbieri, E., Wang, X., Caplan, D., Kiran, S., Rapp, B., Parrish, T., & Thompson, C. K.  (2017). Right Hemisphere Grey Matter Volume and Language Recovery in Stroke Aphasia. Neural Plasticity, 2017, 1-14.

Thompson, C.K., Walenski, M., Chen, Y.F., Caplan, D., Kiran, S., Rapp, B., Grunewald, K., Nunez, M., Zinbarg, R.E., & Parrish, T.B. (2017). Intrahemispheric perfusion in chronic stroke-induced aphasia. Neural Plasticity, 2017, 1-15.


Nozari, N., Freund, M., Breining, B., Rapp, B., & Gordon, B. (2016).  Cognitive control during selection and repair in word production. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 31(7), 886-903.

Purcell, J. & Rapp, B. (in press). Disorders of written expression. Wenzel, A. (Ed.). In, Encyclopedia of Abnormal and Clinical Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Rapp, B., Purcell, J., Hillis, A., Capasso, R., & Miceli, G. (in press). Neural bases of orthographic working memory and long-term memory: Evidence from acquired dysgraphia. Brain. PubMed PMID: 26685156.

Wiley, R., Wilson, C. & Rapp, B. (in press). The effects of alphabet and expertise on letter perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance.


Breining, B., Nozari, N., & Rapp, B. (2015). Does segmental overlap help or hurt? Evidence from blocked cyclic naming in spoken and written production. Psychonomic bulletin & review, 1-7.

Nickels, L. Rapp, B. & Kohnen, S. (2015). Challenges in the use of treatment to investigate cognition. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 32 (3/4), 91-104.

Rapp, B., Fischer-Baum, S., & Miozzo, M. (2015). Modality and Morphology What We Write May Not Be What We Say. Psychological science, 26(6), 892-902.

Rapp, B., Purcell, J., Hillis, A. E., Capasso, R., & Miceli, G. (2015). Neural bases of orthographic long-term memory and working memory in dysgraphia. Brain: a journal of neurology.

Rothlein, D., & Rapp, B. (2015). Behavioral and neural evidence of stored letter shape and abstract letter identity representations. Journal of vision, 15(12), 913-913.

Rapp, B. & Fischer-Baum, S. (2015). Uncovering the cognitive architecture of spelling. In A. Hillis (Ed.), Handbook of Adult Language Disorders: integrating Cognitive Neuropsychology, Neurology and Rehabilitation; Second Edition. Philadelphia: Psychology Press.


Rapp, B., & Fischer-Baum, S. (2014). Representation of Orthographic Knowledge. The Oxford Handbook of Language Production, 338.

Purcell, J. J., Shea, J., & Rapp, B. (2014). Beyond the visual word form area: The orthography–semantics interface in spelling and reading. Cognitive neuropsychology, 31(5-6), 482-510.

Rothlein, D. & Rapp, B. (2014) The similarity structure of distributed neural responses reveals the multiple representations of letters. Neuroimage, 89:331-44. PubMed PMID: 24321558

Rapp, B., Buchwald, A., & Goldrick, M. (2014). Integrating accounts of speech production: The devil is in the representational details. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 29(1), 24-27.

Fischer-Baum, S., & Rapp, B. (2014). The analysis of perseverations in acquired dysgraphia reveals the internal structure of orthographic representations. Cognitive neuropsychology, 31(3), 237-265.

Miozzo, M., Rawlins, K., & Rapp, B. (2014). How verbs and non-verbal categories navigate the syntax/semantics interface: Insights from cognitive neuropsychology. Cognition, 133(3), 621-640.

Medina, J., & Rapp, B. (2014). Rapid experience-dependent plasticity following somatosensory damage. Current Biology, 24(6), 677-680.

Medina, J., McCloskey, M., Coslett, H., & Rapp, B. (2014). Somatotopic representation of location: Evidence from the Simon effect. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40(6), 2131.


Rothlein, D., & Rapp, B. (2013). The similarity structure of distributed neural responses reveals abstract and modality-specific representations of letters. Journal of Vision, 13(9), 786-786.

Tainturier, M. J., Bosse, M. L., Roberts, D. J., Valdois, S., & Rapp, B. (2013). Lexical neighborhood effects in pseudoword spelling. Frontiers in psychology, doi-10.

Purcell, J. J., & Rapp, B. (2013). Identifying functional reorganization of spelling networks: an individual peak probability comparison approach. Frontiers in psychology, 4.

Dufor, O. & Rapp, B. (2013). Letter representations in writing: an fMRI adaptation approach. Frontiers in Cognitive Science, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00781

Rapp, B., Buchwald, A. & Goldrick, M. (2013). Integrating accounts of speech production: The devil is in the representational details. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience. DOI:10.1080/01690965.2013.848991

Cohen-Goldberg, A.M. Cholin, J. Miozzo, M., Rapp, B. (2013) The interface between morphology and phonology: Exploring a morpho-phonological deficit in spoken production. Cognition, 2, 270-286.

Yoshioka, T. Dillon, M. R., Beck, G.C., Rapp, B., & Landau, B. (2013). Tactile localization on digits and hand: Structure and Development. Psychological Science, 24(9), 1653-1663.

Rapp, B., Caplan, D., Edwards, S., Visch-Brink, E., & Thompson, C.K. (2013). Neuroimaging in aphasia treatment research: Issues of experimental design for relating cognitive to neural changes. Neuroimage, 75, 200-207.