Publications

2017

434.

J. P. Wang, S. S. Sapatnekar, C. H. Kim, P. Crowell, S. Koester, S. Datta, K. Roy, A. Raghunathan. X. S. Hu, M. Niemier, A. Naeemi, C. L. Chien, C. Ross, and R. Kawakami, “A Pathway to Enable Exponential Scaling for the Beyond-CMOS Era,” Article 16. Proceedings of the 54th Annual Design Automation Conference (2017)

433.

B. F. Miao, L. Sun, D. Wu, C. L. Chien, and H. F. Ding, “Tuning the magnetoresistance symmetry of Pt on magnetic insulators with temperature and magnetic doping,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 110, 222412 (2017).

432.

Weiwei Lin and C. L. Chien, “Electrical Detection of Spin Backflow from an Antiferromagnetic Insulator/Y3Fe5O12 Interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 118, 067202 (2017).

2016

420.

M. Bapna, S. K. Piotrowski, S. D. Oberdick, Mingen Li, C. L. Chien, and S. A. Majetich, “Magnetostatic effects on switching in small magnetic tunnel junctions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 022406 (2016).

421.

Z. Adamus, Marta Z. Cieplak, Z. M. Konczykowski, L. Y. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Influence of magnetic domain landscape on the flux dynamics in superconductor/ferromagnet bilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 054509 (2016).

422.

B. F. Miao, S. Y. Huang, D. Qu, and C. L. Chien, “Absence of anomalous Nernst effect in spin Seebeck effect of Pt/YIG, “ AIP Advances 6, 015018 (2016).

423.

Gen Yin, Yufan Li, Lingyao Kong, Roger K. Lake, C. L. Chien, and Jiadong Zang, “Topological charge analysis of ultrafast single skyrmion creation,” Phys. Rev. B 93, 174403 (2016).

424.

Weiwei Lin, Kai Chen, Shufeng Zhang, and C. L. Chien, “Enhancement of thermally injected spin current through an antiferromagnetic insulator,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 186601 (2016).

425.

S. X. Huang, Fei Chen, Jian Kang, Jiadong Zang, G. J. Shu, F. C. Chou, and C. L. Chien, “Unusual magnetoresistance in cubic B20 Fe0,85Co0.15Si chiral magnets,” New J. Phys. 18, 065010 (2016)

426.

S. K. Piotrowski, M. Bapna, S. D. Overdick, S. A. Majetich, M. E. Li, C. L. Chien, R. Ahmed, and R. H. Victora, “Size and voltage dependence of effective anisotropy in sub-100 nm perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 014404 (2016).

427.

S. X. Huang and C. L. Chien, “Chapter 6. Epitaxial thin films of the cubic B20 chiral magnets,” invited chapter in a book, “Skyrmions: Topological Structures, Properties, and Applications” by CRC Press | Taylor & Francis Group LLC (2016).

428.

D. Tian, Yufan Li, D. Qu, S. Y. Huang, Xiaofeng Jin, and C. L. Chien, “Manipulation of pure spin current in ferromagnetic metals independent of magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 020403(R) (2016)

429.

Kai Chen, Weiwei Lin, C. L. Chien, and Shufeng Zhang, “Temperature dependence of angular momentum transport across interfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 054413 (2016).

430.

Wensen Wei, G. J. Zhao, D. R. Kim, Chiming Jin, Jinglei Zhang, Langsheng Ling, Lei Zhang, Haifeng Du, T. Y. Chen, Jiadong Zang, Mingliang Tian, C. L. Chien, and Yuheng Zhang, “Rh2Mo3N: Noncentrosymmetric s-wave superconductor,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 104503 (2016).

431.

B. F. Miao, L. Sun, D. Wu, C. L. Chien, and H. F. Ding, “Magnetic scattering and spin-orbit coupling induced magnetoresistance in nonmagnetic heavy metal and magnetic insulator bilayer systems,” Phys. Rev. B 94, 174430 (2016).

2015

416.

Dai Tian, Yufan Li,1 D. Qu, Xiaofeng Jin, and C. L. Chien, “Separation of spin Seebeck effect and anomalous Nernst effect in Co/Cu/YIG.” Appl. Phys. Lett., 106, 212407 (2015).

417.

D. Qu, S. Y. Huang, and C. L. Chien, “Inverse spin Hall effect in Cr: independence of antiferromagnetic ordering,” Phys. Rev. B 92, 020418(R) (2015).

418.

S. K. Piotrowski, M. Bapna, H. Almasi, W. G. Wang, L. Tryputen, C. A. Ross, M. E. Li, C. L. Chien, and S. A. Majetich, “Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy of Small Magnetic Tunnel Junctions with Interface Anisotropy,” IEEE MAG. 15, 4400504 (2015).

419.

B. M. Yao, Y. S. Gui, Y. Xiao, H. Guo, X. S. Chen, W. Lu, C. L. Chien, and C.-M. Hu, “Theory and experiment on cavity magnon-polariton in the one-dimensional configuration, Phys. Rev. B 92, 184407 (2015).

2014

410.

D. Qu, S. Y. Huang, B. F. Miao, S. X. Huang, and C. L. Chien, “Self-consistent determination of spin Hall angles in selected 5d metals by thermal spin injection,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 89, 140407(R) (2014).

411.

P. Hyde, Lihui Bai, D.M.J. Kumar, B.W. Southern, C.-M. Hu, S. Y. Huang, B. F. Miao, and C. L. Chien, “Electrical Detection of Direct and Alternating Spin Current Injected from a Ferromagnetic Insulator into a Ferromagnetic Metal,” Phys. Rev. B 89, 180404 (R) (2014).

412.

B. F. Miao, S. Y. Huang, D. Qu, and C. L. Chien, “Physical Origins of the New Magnetoresistance in Pt/YIG,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 236601 (2014).

413.

I. Zaytseva, O. Abal’oshev, P. Dluzewski, W. Paszkowicz, L. Y. Zhu, C. L. Chien, M. Konczykowski, and Marta Z. Cieplak, “Negative Hall coefficient of ultrathin niobium in Si/Nb/Si trilayers,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 90, 060505(R). (2014)

414.

Y. Syryanyy, M. Aleszkiewicz, M. Z. Cieplak, L. Y. Zhu, C. L. Chien, “Phase Diagram and Activation Energy for Vortex Pinning in Nb/(Co,Pd) Superconductor-Ferromagnet Bilayer,” Acta Physica Polonica A, 126 A123-A126 (2014).

415.

I. Zaytseva, O. Abal’oshev,1 P. Dłuzewski, R. Minikayev, M. Z. Cieplak, L. Y. Zhu, C. L. Chien, “Ultrathin Niobium in the Si/Nb/Si Trilayers,” Acta Physica Polonica A, 126 A140-A143 (2014).

2013

401.

W. G. Wang and C. L. Chien, “Voltage induced switching in magnetic tunnel junctions with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 46, 074004 (2013).

402.

D. Qu, S. Y. Huang, J. Hu, R. Wu, and C. L. Chien, “Intrinsic spin Seebeck effect in Au/YIG.” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 067206 (2013).

403.

R. D. Shull, Y. L. Iunin, Y. P. Kabanov, V. I. Nikitenko, O. V. Skryabina, and C. L. Chien, “Influence of Pt spacer thickness on the domain nucleation in ultrathin Co/Pt/Co trilayers,” J. Appl. Phys. 113, 17C101 (2013).

404.

Marta Z. Cieplak, Z. Adamus, M. Konczykowski, L. Y. Zhu, X. M. Cheng, and C. L. Chien, “Tuning vortex confinement by magnetic domains in a superconductor/ferromagnet bilayer,” Phys. Rev. B 87, 014519 (2013).

405.

Y. M. Lu, Y. Choi, C. M. Ortega, X. M. Cheng, J. W. Cai, S. Y. Huang, L. Sun, and C. L. Chien, “Pt Magnetic Polarization on Y3Fe5O12 and Magnetotransport Characteristics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 147207 (2013).

406.

Y. M. Lu, J. W. Cai, S. Y. Huang, D. Qu, B. F. Miao, and C. L. Chien, “Hybrid magnetoresistance in the proximity of a ferromagnet,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 87, 220409(R) (2013).

407.

W. G. Wang, A. Pearse, M. Li, S. Hageman, A. X. Chen, F. Q. Zhu & C. L. Chien, “Parallel fabrication of magnetic tunnel junction nanopillars by nanosphere lithography,” Scientific Report 3, 1948 (2013).

408.

S. Y. Huang, D. Qu, and C. L. Chien, “Charge, Spin, and Heat Transport in the Proximity of Metal/Ferromagnet Interface,” Solid State Physics, 64, 53 (2013).

409.

B. F. Miao, S. Y. Huang, D. Qu, and C. L. Chien, “Inverse spin Hall effect in a ferromagnetic metal, “ Phys. Rev. Lett. 111, 066602, (2013).

2012

395.

W. G. Wang, M. Li, S. Hageman, and C. L. Chien, “Electric field assisted switching in magnetic tunnel junctions,” Nature Mater. 11, 64 (2012).

396.

D. L. Fan, F. Q. Zhu, X. B. Xu, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Electronic properties of nanoentities revealed by mechanical motion,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109, 9309 (2012).

397.

M. Gooch, B. Lorenz, S. X. Huang, C. L. Chien, and C. W. Chu, “Pressure effects on strained FeSe0.5Te0.5 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 111, 112610 (2012).

398.

S. X. Huang and C. L. Chien, “Extended Skyrmion phase in epitaxial FeGe(111) thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 267201 (2012).

399.

S. Y. Huang, X. Fan, D. Qu, Y. P. Chen, W. G. Wang, J. Wu, T. Y. Chen, J. Q. Xiao, and C. L. Chien, “Transport Magnetic Proximity Effects in Platinum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 107204 (2012)

400.

T. Y. Chen, Z. Tesanovic, and C. L. Chien, “Unified formalism of Andreev reflection at a ferromagnet/superconductor interface,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, (2012).

2011

390.

M. Z. Cieplak, L. Y. Zhu, Z. Adamus, M. Konczykowski, and C. L. Chien, “Enhancement of vortex pinning in superconductor/ferromagnet bilayer via angled demagnetization,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 84, 020514(R) (2011).

391.

D. L. Fan, F. Q. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Electric Tweezers,” (invited) Nanotoday 6, 339 (2011)

392.

W. G. Wang, S. Hageman, M. Li, S. X. Huang, X. M. Kou, X. Fan, J. Q. Xiao, and C. L. Chien, “Thermal annealing study of magnetoresistance and perpendicular anisotropy in magnetic tunnel junctions based on MgO and CoFeB,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 102502 (2011).

393.

S. Y. Huang, W. G. Wang, S. F. Lee, J. Kwo, and C. L. Chien, “Intrinsic spin-dependent thermal transport,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 216604 (2011).

394.

Abdul K. Rumaiz, C. Jaye, J. C. Woicik, Weigang Wang, D. A. Fischer, J. Jordan-Sweet, and C. L. Chien, “Boron migration due to annealing in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB interfaces: A combined hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and x-ray absorption studies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 222502 (2011)

2010

379.

T. Y. Chen, C. L. Chien, M. Manno, L. Wang, and C. Leighton, “Ballistic heat transport in nanocontact,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 81, 020301(R)(2010).

380.

A. K. Rumaiz, J. C. Woicik, W. G. Wang, J. Jordan Sweet, G. H. Jaffari, C. Ni, and C. L. Chien, “Effects of annealing on the local structure of Fe and Co in CoFeB/MgO/CoFeB tunnel junctions: an extended x-ray-absortpion fine structure study,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 112502 (2010).

381.

Y. P. Kabanov, Y. L. Iunin, V. I. Nikitenko, A. J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, L. Y. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “In-plane field effects on the dynamics of domain walls in ultrathin Co films with perpendicular anisotropy,” IEEE Trans. Mag. 46, 2220 (2010).

382.

Fan, Z. Z. Yin, R. Cheong, F. Q. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata, C. L. Chien, and A. Levchenko, “Sub-cellular resolution delivery of a cytokine via precisely manipulated nanowires,” Nature Nanotechnology 5, 545 (2010).
Featured story, “Nanowires have cells in their sights,” Nature Nanotechnology 5, 481 (2010).

383.

S. X. Huang, C. L. Chien, V. Thampy, and C. Broholm, “Control of tetrahedral coordination and superconductivity in FeSe0.5Te0.5 thin films,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 104, 217002, (2010).

384.

T. Y. Chen, S. X. Huang, and C. L. Chien, “Pronounced effects of additional resistance in Andreev reflection spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 81, 214444 (2010).

385.

L. Y. Zhu, M. Z. Cieplak, and C. L. Chien, “Tunable phase diagram and vortex pinning in ferromagnet-superconductor bilayer,” Phys. Rev. B (Rapid Commun.) 82, 060503 (2010).

386.

L. Guo, D. Hung, W. G. Wang, W. F. Shen, L. Y. Zhu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Tunnel barrier photoelectrodes for solar water splitting,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 063111 (2010).

387.

I. S. Abal’osheva, A. V. Abal’oshev, M. Z. Cieplak, L. Y. Zhu. and C. L. Chien, “Inhomogeneous magnetic field penetration in superconducting Niobium films,” Acta Physica Polonica, 118, 396 (2010).

388.

Y. Syryany, L. Y. Zhu, M. Z. Cieplak, and C. L. Chien, “Enhancement of flux pinning in the superconductor-ferromagnet bilayer Nb(Co/Pd),” Acta Physica Polonica, 118, 399 (2010).

389.

I. Zaytseva, M. Z. Cieplak, A. Abal’oshev, P. Dluzewski, G. Grabecki, W. Plesiewicz, L. Y. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetoresistance of Si/Nb/Si Trilayers,” Acta Physica Polonica, 118, 406 (2010).

2009

378.

T. Y. Chen, S. X. Huang, Z. Tesanovic, R. H. Liu, X. H. Chen, and C. L. Chien, “Determination of Superconducting Gap of SmFeAsFxO1-x Superconductors by Andreev Reflection Spectroscopy,” Physica C 469, 521 (2009).

2008

363.

C. L. Chien, F. Q. Zhu, and J. G. Zhu, “Patterned Nanomagnets,” Physics Today 60 (no. 6) 40 (2007). Japanese translation in Parity 23 (no.2) 10 (2008).

364.

D. L. Fan, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Precision transport and assembling of nanowires in suspension by electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 093115 (2008).

365.

Z. Liu, G. Q. Xia, F. Q. Zhu. S. Kim. N. Markovic, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Exploiting finite size effects in a novel core/shell microstructure,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 064313 (2008).

366.

Y. L. Iunin, Y. P. Kabanov, V. I. Nikitenko, X. M. Cheng, A. J. Shapiro, C. L. Chien, and R. D. Shull, “On the nature of asymmetry of nucleation centers in ultrathin Co films and Co/Pt multilayers,” Functional Materials 15, 51 (2008).

367.

S. H. Lee, F. Q. Zhu, C. L. Chien, and N. Markovic, “Effect of geometry on magnetic domain structure in Ni wires with perpendicular anisotropy: A magnetic force microscopy study,” Phys. Rev. B 77, 132408 (2008).

368.

X. J. Zou, G. Xiao, S. X. Huang, T. Y. Chen, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetotransport properties of polycrystalline and epitaxial CrO2 nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys., 103, 07D710 (2008).

369.

T. Y. Chen, Z. Tesanovic, R. H. Liu, X. H. Chen, and C. L. Chien, “A BCS-like gap in the superconducting SmFeAsO0.85F0.15,” Nature, 453, 1224 (2008).

370.

S. X. Huang, T. Y. Chen, and C. L. Chien, “Spin polarization of amorphous CoFeB determined by point-contact Andreev reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 370, 242509 (2008).

371.

H. X. Wei, F. Q. Zhu, X. F. Han, Z. C. Wen, and C. L. Chien, “Current-induced multiple spin structures in 100 nm ring magnetic tunnel junctions,” Phys. Rev. B. 77, 224432 (2008).

372.

L. Y. Zhu, T. Y. Chen, and C. L. Chien, “Altering the superconducting transition temperature by domain-wall arrangement in hybrid ferromagnet-superconductor structures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 017004 (2008).

373.

Y. L. Iunin, Y. P. Kabanov, V. I. Nikitenko, X. M. Cheng, C. L. Chien, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Magnetic field dependence of asymmetry in the magnetization reversal of ultrathin Co films and Co/Pt multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy,” J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 322, 2044 (2008).

374.

D. L. Fan, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Controlled manipulation of nanoentities in suspension,” in Biomagnetism and Magnetic Biosystems Based on Molecular Recognition Processes, p. 44-51, eds J. A. C. Bland and A. Ionescu, AIP Conf. Proc. 1025 (2008).

375.

B. O’Brien, M. Plaza, L. Y. Zhu, L. Perez, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Magnetotransport properties of electrodeposited bismuth films,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 12018 (2008).

376.

Z. Liu, D. Elbert, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “FIB/TEM Characterization of the composition and structure of core/shell Cu-Ni nanowires,” Nano Lett. 8, 2166 (2008).

377.

Z. Liu, L. Guo, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Formation of core/shell microstructure in Cu-Ni thin films,” J. Electrochem, Soc. 155, D569 (2008).

2007

357.

Y. W. Hao, F. Q. Zhu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Fabrication and magnetic properties of ordered macroporous nickel structures,” J. Electrochemical Society, 154, D65-D69 (2007).

358.

Y. L. Iunin, Y. P. Kabanov, V. I. Nikitenko, X. M. Cheng, D. Clarke, O. A. Tretiakov, O. Tchernyshyov, A. J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, and C. L. Chien, “Asymmetric domain nucleation and unusual magnetization reversal in ultrathin Co films with perpendicular anisotropy,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 98, 117204 (2007).

359.

Z. Adamus, M. Z. Cieplak, A. Abal’oshev, M. Konczykowski, X. M. Cheng, L. Y. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Flux penetration in a ferromagnetic/superconducting bilayer,” Acta Physica Polonica A 111, 95-98 (2007).

360.

F. Q. Zhu, Z. Shang, D. Monet, and C. L. Chien, “Large enhancement of coercivity of magnetic Co/Pt nanodots with perpendicular anisotropy,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 09J101 (2007).

361.

C. Leighton, M. Manno, A. Cady, J. W. Freeland, L. Wang, K. Umemoto, R. M. Wentzcovitch, T. Y. Chen, C. L. Chien, P. L. Kuhns, M. J. R. Hoch, A. P. Reyes, W. G. Moulton, E. D. Dahlberg, J. Checkelsky, and J. Eckert, “Composition controlled spin polarization in Co1-xFexS2 alloys,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19, 315219 (2007).

362.

T. Y. Chen, C. L. Chien and C. Petrovic, “Enhanced Curie temperature and spin polarization in Mn4FeGe3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 142505 (2007).

2006

342.

F. Q. Zhu, G. W. Chern, O. Tchernyshyov, X. C. Zhu, J. G. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetic Bistability and Controllable Reversal of Asymmetric Ferromagnetic Nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 96, 027205 (2006).

343.

H. Sang, C. L. Chien and F. Y. Yang, “Periodicity dependence of exchange bias in [Co/Pt]n/Co/CoO multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy, J. Appl. Phys. 99, 013906 (2006).

344.

M. Chen, C. L. Chien, and P.C. Searson, “Potential modulated multilayer deposition of multisegment Cu/Ni nanowires with tunable magnetic properties,” Chem. Mater., 18, 1595 (2006).

345.

L. Wang, T. Y. Chen, C. L. Chien, J. G. Checkelsky, J. C. Eckert, E. D. Dahlberg, K. Umemoto, R. M. Wentzcovitch, and C. Leighton, “Composition controlled spin polarization in Co1-xFexS2: electronic,magnetic, and thermodynamic properties,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 144402 (2006).

346.

S. Urazhdin, C. L. Chien, K.Y. Guslienko, and L. Novozhilova, “Effects of current on the magnetic states of permalloy nanodiscs,” Phys., Rev. B 75, 054416 (2006).

347.

W.L. Lee, F. Q. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Determination of domain wall resistance in a cobalt thin film by means of thickness modulation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 122503 (2006).

348.

L. Y. Zhu, X. M. Cheng, and C.L. Chien, “Magnetic properties of one-dimensional quasiperiodic Co/Pt multilayers,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 08C902 (2006).

349.

X.M. Cheng, V. I. Nikitenko, A. J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, and C. L. Chien,”Unusual magnetization reversal in [Co/Pt]4 multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, ,08C905 (2006).

350.

J. M. Valentine and C. L. Chien,”Determination of spin polarization of Gd and Dy by point-contact Andreev reflection,” J. Appl. Phys. 99, 08P902 (2006).

351.

T. Y. Chen, S. X. Huang, C. L.Chien and M. D. Stiles, “Enhanced magnetoresistance induced by spin transfer torque in granular films with a magnetic field,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 207203 (2006).

352.

V. S. Gornakov, V. I. Nikitenko, A.J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, F. Y. Yang, and C. L. Chien, “Switching of domains and domain walls in Fe50Mn50/Ni81Fe19,” The Physics of Metals and Metallography, 101, ,S51 (2006).

353.

L. Wang. T. Y. Chen, C. L.Chien, and C. Leighton, “Sulfur stoichiometry effects in spin polarized CoS2 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 232509 (2006).

354.

V.S.Gornakov, Yu. P. Kabanov, O. A. Tikhomirov, V. I.Nikitenko, S. V. Urazhdin, F. Y. Yang,C. L. Chien, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Experimental study of the microscopic mechanisms of magnetization reversal in FeNi/FeMn exchange-biased ferromagnet/antiferromagnet polycrystalline bilayers using the magneto-optical indicator film technique,” Phys. Rev. B 73, 184428 (2006).

355.

Z. Adamus, M. Z. Cieplak, A. Abal’oshev, M. Berkowski, M. Konczykowski, X. M. Cheng, L. Y. Zhu, and C. L. Chien, “Vortex pinning in ferromagnet/superconductor bilayers – the dependence on the ferromagnetic layer and temperature,” Acta Physica Polonica A 109, 451-456 (2006).

356.

D. L. Fan, F. Q. Zhu, R. C.Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Efficiency of assembling of nanowires in suspension by AC electric fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 223115 (2006).

2005

331.

Marta Z. Cieplak, X.M. Cheng, C.L. Chien, and H Sang, “Origin of pinning enhancement in ferromagnetic-superconductor bilayer,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 026105 (2005).

332.

T. S. Eagleton, J. Mallet, X. M. Cheng, J. Wang, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Electrodeposition of CoxPt1-x films,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 152, C27 (2005).

333.

X. M. Cheng, S. Urazhdin, O. Tchernyshyov, C. L. Chien, V. I. Nikitenko, A. J. Shapiro and R. D. Shull, “Antisymmetic magnetoresistance in magnetic multilayers with perpendicular anisotropy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017203 (2005).

334.

L. Sun, Y. Hao, C.L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Tuning the properties of magnetic wires,” IBM J. Res. and Develp., 49, 79 (2005).

335.

L. Sun, P. C. Searson, and C. L . Chien, “Asymmetry of magnetic hysteresis in exchange-biased multilayers with out-of-plane applied field,” Phys. Rev. B (Rap. Comm.) 71, 012417 (2005).

336.

F. Q. Zhu and C. L. Chien, “Determination of multiple easy axis in magnetic multilayers by remanence measurement using a vector magnetometer,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 10J110 (2005)

337.

T. Y. Chen, Y. Ji, C. L. Chien, and M. D. Stiles, “Current-induced hysteretic switching in a single exchange-biased ferromagnetic layer,” J. Appl. Phys. 97,10C709 (2005).

338.

Q. Zhu, F. Y. Yang, C. L. Chien, L. Ritchie, G. Xiao and G. H. Wu, “Ferromagnetic shape memory alloys Ni51.9Mn23.2Ga24.9 with martensitic transition near room temperature”, J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 288, 79 (2005).

339.

L. Wang, K. Umemoto, R. M. Wentzcovitch, T. Y. Chen, C. L. Chien, J. G. Checkelsky, J. C. Eckert, E. D. Dahlberg, and C. Leighton, “Co1-xFexS2: a tunable source of highly spin polarized electrons,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 94, 056602 (2005).

340.

S. Urazhdin and C. L. Chien, “Effects of anriferromagnetic spin rotation on the anisotropy of ferromagnetic/antiferromagnetic bilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 220410 (Rapid Commun. ) (2005).

341.

D. L. Fan, F. Q. Zhu, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien, “Controllable High-Speed Rotation of Nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 94, 247208 (2005).

2004

320.

S. M. Zhou, L. Sun, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien, “Perpendicular exchange bias and magnetic anisotropy in CoO/permalloy multilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 69, 024408 (2004).

321.

J. Mallet, T. Eagleton, K. Yu-Zhang, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Fabrication and Magnetic Properties of fcc CoXPt1-X Nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 84, 3900-3902 (2004).

322.

F. Q. Zhu, D. Fan, R. C. Cammarata, and C. L. Chien. “Magnetic and magneto-transport properties of electrodeposited magnetic nano-network on laser modified Au surface,” J. Appl. Phys. 95, 6989 (2004).

323.

T. Y. Chen, Y. Ji, and C. L. Chien, “Reversible Switching in Continuous Films by Point Contact Spin Injection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 380 (2004).

324.

T. Y. Chen, Y. Ji, C. L. Chien, and M. D. Stiles, “Current-driven switching in a single exchange-biased ferromagnetic layer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 026601 (2004).

325.

M. Z. Cieplak, Z. Adamus, M. Konczkowski, X. M. Cheng, A. Byczuk, A. Abal’oshev, H. Samg, and C. L. Chien, “Superconducting pinning by magnetic domains in a ferromagnet-superconductor bilayer,” Acta Physica polonica, A106, 693-698 (2004).

326.

J. B. Vella, A. B. Mann, H. Kung, C. L. Chien, T. P. Weihs, and R. C. Cammarata, “Mechanical Properties of Nanostructured Amorphous Metal Multilayer Thin Films,” J. Mater. Res., 19, 1840 (2004).

327.

A. Anguelouch, D. H. Reich, C. L. Chien and M. Tondra, “Detection of ferromgantiec nanowires uing GMR sensors,” IEEE Trans. Mag. 40, 2997 (2004).

328.

L. Sun, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Fabrication of Nanoporous Nickel by Electrochemical dealloying,” Chemistry of Materials, 16, 3125 (2004).

329.

D.L. Fan, F.Q. Zhu, R.C. Cammarata, and C.L. Chien, “Manipulation of Nanowires in Suspension by AC Electric Fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4175 (2004).

330.

F.Q. Zhu, D.L. Fan, X.C. Zhu, J.G. Zhu, R.C. Cammarata, and C.L. Chien, “Ultrahigh density arrays of ferromagnetic nanorings on a macroscopic area,” Adv. Mater., 16, 2155 (2004).

2003

302.

C. H. Shang, R. C. Cammarata, D. Van Heerden, C. L. Chien, and T. P. Weihs, “Bulk Processing of High Performance Nanocrystalline Intermetallics, J. Mater. Res. 18, 2017 (2003).

303.

K. Yu-Zhang, D. Imhoff, Y. Leprince-Wang, E. Roy, S. Zhou, and C. L. Chien, “Multi-scale Analysis of Nanostructured Granular CoO-Ag Solid, Acta Materialia , 51, 1157 (2003).

304.

I. Shao, P. M. Vereecken, C. L. Chien, R. C. Cammarata, and P. C. Searson, “Electrochemical Deposition of FeCo and FeCoV Alloys, J. Electrochemical Society 150. C184 (2003).

305.

Lance Ritchie, Gang Xiao, Y. Ji, T. Chen, C. L. Chien, M. Zhang, J. Chen, Z. Liu, G. Wu, and X. X. Zhang, “Magnetic, structural, and transport properties of Heusler alloys Co2MnSi and NiMnSb,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 104430 (2003). C184 (2003).

306.

C. L. Chien, “Magnetic Characterization of Materials,” in “Magnetic Interactions and Spin Transport”, Eds Almadena Chtchelkanova, Stuart Wolf, and Yves Idzerda, (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York 2003) pp.313-339.

307.

X. M. Cheng, S. H. Lee, D. Zhang, A. Duckham, X. K. Zhang,T. P. Weihs2, R. C. Cammarata, J. Q. Xiao, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetic Core Loss of Ultrahigh Strength Nanocrystalline FeCo Alloys,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 7121 (2003).

308.

V. I. Nikitenko, V. S. Garnakov, Yu. P. Kabanov, A. J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, C. L. Chien, and S. D. Bader, “Magneto-Optical Indicator Film Study of the Hybrid Exchange Spring Formation and Evolution Processes,” Invited Paper at Moscow International Symposium on Magnetism (MISM 2002), J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 19, 258-259 (2003).

309.

M. Chen, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien “Micromagnetic Behavior of Electrodeposited Ni/Cu Multilayered Nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 8253 (2003).

310.

X. M. Cheng and C. L. Chien, “Magnetic Properties of Epitaxial Mn-doped ZnO Thin Films,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 7876 (2003).

311.

L. Sun. S. M. Zhou, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien, “Longitudinal and Perpendicular Exchange Bias in FeMn/(FeNi/FeMn)n Multilayers,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 6841 (2003).

312.

Y. Ji, C. L. Chien, and M. D. Stiles, “Current Induced Spin Wave Excitations in a Single Ferromagnetic Layer,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 90, 106601(2003).

313.

F. Y. Yang and C. L. Chien, “Oscillatory Exchange Bias due to an Antiferromagnet with Incommensurate Spin Density wave.,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 147201 (2003).

314.

M. Chen, L. Sun, J. E. Bonevich, D. H. Reich, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Tuning the response of Magnetic Suspensions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3310 (2003).

315.

A. Duckham, D. Z. Zhang, D. Liang, V. Luzin, R. C. Cammarata, R. L. Leheny, C. L. Chien, and T. P. Weihs, “Temperature Dependent Mechanical Properties of Ultra-Fine Grained FeCo-2V”, Acta. Mat., 51, 4083 (2003).

316.

M. Tanase, D. M. Silevitich, C. L. Chien, and D. H. Reich, “Magnetotransport Properties of Bent Ferromagnetic Nanowires,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 7616 (2003).

317.

F. Y. Yang and C. L. Chien, “Exchange Coupling between Cr and Ferromagnetic Thin Films,” J. Appl. Phys., 93, 6829 (2003).

318.

J. M. D. Coey and C. L. Chien, “Half-Metallic Ferromagnetic Oxides,” in Spin-Polarized Materials for Spintronics in MRS Bulletin 28 (no.10), 720 (October 2003).

319.

C. L. Chien, V. S. Gornakov, V. I. Nikitenko, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Hybrid Domain Walls and Antiferromagnetic Domains in Exchange-Coupled Ferromagnet/Anti-ferromagnet Bilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 68, 014418 (2003).

2002

295.

C. L. Chien, L. Sun, M. Tanase, L. A. Bauer, A. Hulgren, D. M. Silevitch, G. J. Meyer, P. C. Searson, and D. H. Reich, “Electrodeposited Magnetic Nanowires: Arrays, Field-Induced Assembly, and Surface Functionalization,” Invited paper, International Workshop on Magnetic Wires, San Sebastian, Spain, June 20-23, 2001, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 249, 146-155 (2002).

296.

A. Anguelouch, A. Gupta, Gang Xiao, D.W. Abraham, Y. Ji, G. X. Miao, S. Ingvarsson, and C. L. Chien, “Properties of Epitaxial Chromium Dioxide Films Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition Using a Liquid Precursor”, J. Appl. Phys. 91, 7140 (2002).

297.

I. Shao, P. M. Vereecken, C. L. Chien, R. C. Cammarata, and P. C. Searson, “Magnetic and Mechanical Properties of Ni/Al2O3 Nanocomposite Films,” J. Mater. Res., 17, 1412 (2002).

298.

F. Y. Yang, C. H. Shang, C. L. Chien, T. Ambrose, J. J. Krebs, and G. A. Prinz, V. I. Nikitenko, V. S. Gornakov, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Multi-step Magnetic Switching in Single-Crystal (001) Co2MnGe Films,” Phys. Rev. B. 65, 174410 (2002).

299.

C. L. Chien, V. S. Gornakov, V. I. Nikitenko, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Antiferromagnetic Spin Structure and Domains in Exchange-Coupled Multilayers,” Invited paper at 2002 Intermag Conference in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, April 28 ¨C May 2, 2002. IEEE Trans. Mag. 38, 2736 (2002).

300.

I. Shao, P. M. Vereecken, C. L. Chien, P. C. Searson, and R. C. Cammarata, “Synthesis and Characterization of Particle Reinforced Ni/Al2O3 Nanocomposites,” J. Mater. Res. 17(6) 1412 (2002).

301.

Y. Ji, C. L. Chien, Y. Tomioka and Y. Tokura, “Measurement of Spin Polarization of Single Crystals of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 and La0.6Sr0.4MnO3” Phys. Rev. B 66, 12410 (2002).

2001

279.

G. J. Strijkers, Y. Ji, F. Y. Yang, C. L. Chien, and J. M. Byers, “Andreev Reflections at Metal/Superconductor Point-Contacts: Measurement and Analysis,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104510 (2001).

280.

N. J. Gokemeijer, R. L. Penn, D. R. Veblen, and C. L. Chien, “Exchange Coupling in Epitaxial CoO/NiFe Bilayers with Compensated and uncompensated Interfacial Spin Structures,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 174422 (2001).

281.

Y. Ji, G. J. Strijkers, F. Y. Yang, C. L. Chien, J. M. Byers, A. Anguelouch, G. Xiao, and A. Gupta, “Determination of the Spin Polarization of Half-Metallic CrO2 by point Contact Andreev Reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 5585 (2001).

282.

S. M. Zhou and C. L. Chien, “Dependence of Exchange Coupling on Magnetization in Co-Ni/FeMn Bilayer,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 104406 (2001).

283.

F. Y. Yang, C. L. Chien, X. W. Li, A. Gupta, and G. Xiao, “Critical Behavior of Epitaxial Half-Metallic Ferromagnetic CrO2 Films,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 92403 (2001).

284.

J. H. He, H. W. Sheng, P. J. Schilling, C. L. Chien, and E. Ma, “Amorphous Structures in the Immiscible Ag-Ni System,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2826 (2001).

285.

G. J. Strijkers, F. Y. Yang, D. H. Reich, C. L. Chien, P. C. Searson, Y. M. Strelniker, and D. J. Bergman, “Magnetoresistance Anisotropy of a Bi Antidot Array,” IEEE Trans. Mag. 37, 2067 (2001).

286.

F. Y. Yang, G. J. Strijkers, K. Hong, D. H. Reich, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien, “Large Magnetoresistance and Finite Size Effect in Electrodeposited Bismuth Lines,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 7206 (2001).

287.

D. M. Silevitch, D. H. Reich, C. L. Chien, S. B. Field, and H. Shtrikman, “Imaging and Magnetotransport in Superconductor/magnet Dot Arrays,” J. Appl. Phys. 89, 7478 (2001).

288.

L. Sun, Y. Ding, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Exchange Coupling in Nanostructured CoO/NiFe Networks,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 184430 (2001).

289.

L. Sun, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Magnetic Anisotropy in Prismatic Ni Nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 4429 (2001).

290.

Y. Ji, G. J. Strijkers, F. Y. Yang, and C. L. Chien, “A Comparison of Two Models for Spin Polarization Measurements by Andreev Reflection,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 2245 (2001).

291.

A. Anguelouch, A. Gupta, Gang Xiao, D. W. Abraham, Y. Ji, S. T. Ingvarsson, and C. L. Chien, “Near-Complete spin polarization in Atomically-Smooth chromium dioxide epitaxial films prepared using a CVD liquid precursor,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 180408(R) (2001).

292.

A. D. C. Viegas, A. M. H. de Andrade, R. L. Sommer, J. S. Jiang, and C. L. Chien, “Magneto-impedance in Fe73.5Cu1Nb3Si13.5B9 amorphous films at microwave frequencies,” J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 226, 707 (2001).

293.

I. Shao, P.M. Vereecken, P.C. Searson, C.L. Chien, and R.C. Cammarata, “Electrochemical Deposition of Nanocomposite Soft Magnetic Materials,” Proceedings 6th International Symposium on Magnetic Materials, Processes and Devices, Editors S. Krongelb, L.T. Romankiw, J.-W. Chang, W. Schwarzacher, and C.H. Ahn, Proceedings Volume PV 2000-29, The Electrochemical Society, Pennington, New Jersey.(2001) p.420.

294.

I. Shao, P.M. Vereecken, R. C. Cammarata,P.C. Searson, and C.L. Chien, “Electrochemical Deposition of FeCo Alloys and FeCo/TiO2 Nanocomposites,” Mater. Res. Symo. Proc. 674, U53 (2001).

2000

264.

V. I. Nikitenko, V. S. Gornakov, A. J. Shapiro, R. D. Shull, Kai Liu, S. M. Zhou, and C. L. Chien, “Asymmetry in the Elementary Events of Magnetization Reversal in Ferromagnetic/Antiferromagnetic Bilayers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 765 (2000).

265.

L. Sun, C. L. Chien and P. C. Searson, “Fabrication of Nanoporous Single Crystal Mica Templates for Electrochemical Deposition of Nanowire Arrays,” J. Materials Science, 35, 1097-1103 (2000).

266.

F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, Kimin Hong, D. H. Reich, P. C. Searson, C. L. Chien, Y. Leprince-Wang, Kui Yu-Zhang, and Ke Han, “Shubnikov-de Haas Oscillations in Electrodeposited Single-Crystal Bismuth Films,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 6631 (2000). (1999).

267.

L. Sun, P. C. Searson and C. L. Chien, “Finite-Size Effects in Nickel Nanowire Arrays,” Phys. Rev. B 61 (Rapid Commun). R6463 (2000).

268.

Chang He Shang, T. P. Weihs, R. C. Cammarata, Yi Ji, and C. L. Chien, “Anisotropy in Magnetic and Mechanical Properties in Textured Hiperco FeCoV Alloys”, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6508 (2000).

269.

Kai Liu, S. M. Zhou, C. L. Chien, V. I. Nikitenko, V. S. Gornakov, A. J. Shapiro, and R. D. Shull, “Anisotropy-Dependent Macroscopic Domain Structure in Wedged-Permalloy/Uniform-FeMn Bilayers,” J. Appl. Phys. 87, 5052 (2000).

270.

C. L. Chien. F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, D. H. Reich, and P. C. Searson, “Very Large Magnetoresistance in Electrodeposited Single-Crystal Bi Thin Films,” Invited paper 3M Conference. J. Appl. Phys. 87, 4659 (2000).

271.

S. M. Zhou, Kai Liu, and C. L. Chien, “Dependence of Exchange Coupling in Permalloy/Cr82Al18 Bilayers”, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 6659 (2000).

272.

C. H. Shang, R. C. Cammarata, T. P. Weihs, and C. L. Chien, “Microstructures and Hall-Petch Behavior of Fe-Co-Based Hiperco Alloys,” J. Mater. Res. 15, 835 (2000).

273.

F. Y. Yang, C. L. Chien, E. F. Ferrari, X. W. Li, A. Gupta, and Gang Xiao, “Uniaxial Anisotropy and Switching Behavior of Epitaxial CrO2 Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 77, 286 (2000).

274.

F. Y. Yang and C. L. Chien, “Spiraling Spin Structure in an Exchange-Coupled Antiferromagnetic Layer,” Phys. Rev. Lett., 85, 2597 (2000).

275.

P. M. Vereecken, L. Sun, P. C. Searson, M. Tanase, D. H. Reich, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetotransport Properties of Bismuth Films on p-GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 6529 (2000).

276.

G. J. Strijkers, S. M. Zhou, F. Y. Yang, and C. L. Chien, “Magnetic Characterization and Modeling of FeMn/Co/Ru/Co Artificial Antiferromagnets,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 13896 (2000).

277.

C. L. Chien, “Standing Out from the Giants and Colossi”, Physics World 13(11), 24 (2000).

278.

D. H. Reich, D. M. Silevitch, C. L. Chien, D. Davidovic, and S. B. Field, “Disorder and Correlations in Extended Superconducting Nanostructure,” Invited paper, 22nd Rare Earth Research Conference, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 303-304, 245 (2000).

1999

251.

Shufeng Zhang, D. V. Dimitrov, G. C. Hadjipanayis, J. W. Cai, and C. L. Chien, “Coercivity Induced by Random-Field at Ferromagnetic and Antiferromagnetic Interfaces,” J. Mag. Mag. Mater. 198-199, 468 (1999).

252.

J. W. Cai, Kai Liu, and C. L. Chien, “Exchange Coupling in the Paramagnetic State,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 72 (1999).

253.

T. Ambrose, Kai Liu, and C. L. Chien, “Doubly Exchange-Biased NiCoO/NiFe/Cu/NiFe/NiCoO Spin Valves,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 6124 (1999).

254.

H. Sang, Y. W. Du, and C. L. Chien, “Exchange Coupling in Fe50Mn50/Ni81Fe19 Bilayers: Dependence on Antiferromagnetic Layer Thickness,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 4931 (1999).

255.

Kimin Hong, F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, D. H. Reich, P. C. Searson, C. L. Chien, F. F. Balakirev, and G. S. Boebinger, “Giant Positive magnetoresistance of Bi Nanowire Arrays in High Magnetic Fields,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 6184 (1999).

256.

N. J. Gokemeijer and C. L. Chien, “Memory Effects of Exchange Coupling in CoO/Ni81Fe19 Bilayers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 5516 (1999).

257.

F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, C. L. Chien, and P. C. Searson, “Large Magnetoresistance and Finite-Size Effects in Electrodeposited Single-Crystal Bi Thin Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3328 (1999).

258.

L. Sun, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien, “Electrochemical Deposition of Nickel Nanowire Arrays in Single Crystal Mica Films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2803 (1999).

259.

H. S. Wang, Qi Li, Kai Liu, and C. L. Chien, “Low-Field Magnetoresistance Anisotropy in Ultrathin Pr0.67Sr0.33MnO3 Films Grown on Different Substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2212 (1999).

260.

C. L. Chien and D. H. Reich, “Proximity Effects in Superconducting/Magnetic Multilayers,” J. Mag. Mag. Mat. 200, 83-94 (1999).

261.

F. Y. Yang, Kai Liu, Kimin Hong, D. H. Reich, P. C. Searson, and C. L. Chien, ” Large Magnetoresistance of Electrodeposited Single-Crystal Bismuth Thin Films,” Science 284, 1335 (1999).

262.

R. L. Sommer, A. Gündel, and C. L. Chien, “Magneto-Impedance Effects in Multilayered Permalloy Materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 86, 1057 (1999).

263.

N. J. Gokemeijer, J. W. Cai, and C. L. Chien ,”Memory Effects of Exchange Coupling in Ferromagnet/Antiferromagnet Bilayers,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 3033 (1999)