The Cosmology Large Angular Scale Surveyor (CLASS) is an array of microwave telescopes currently under construction at Johns Hopkins University that will be deployed to a high-altitude site in the Atacama Desert of Chile as part of the Parque Astronómico de Atacama in 2015. The CLASS experiment aims to test the theory of cosmic inflation and distinguish between inflationary models of the very early universe by making precise measurements of the polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) over 65% of the extragalactic sky at multiple frequencies in the microwave region of the electromagnetic spectrum.
The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) is a NASA Explorer mission that launched June 2001 to make fundamental measurements of cosmology — the study of the properties of our universe as a whole. WMAP has been stunningly successful, producing our new Standard Model of Cosmology.
Subaru PFS will conduct a cosmological survey over 1400 square degrees in the sky and measure the distribution of the galaxies within an unprecedented large volume of 9(Giga parsec/h)^3. The cosmology survey will enable us to measure the Hubble expansion rate of the universe and density of the dark energy precisely.
Euclid is an all-sky space mission designed to map the geometry of the dark Universe. Its primary objectives are to understand the nature of dark energy and dark matter by accurate measurement of the accelerated expansion of the Universe through different independent methods. The Euclid spacecraft is currently expected to launch in 2020.
The Institute for Data Intensive Engineering and Science will foster education and research in the development and application of data intensive technologies to problems of national interest in physical and biological sciences and engineering. The institute will provide faculty, researchers and students with the structure and resources needed to accomplish these goals.
The Sloan Digital Sky Survey has created the most detailed three-dimensional maps of the Universe ever made, with deep multi-color images of one third of the sky, and spectra for more than three million astronomical objects.
The Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System is an innovative design for a wide-field imaging facility developed at the University of Hawaii’s Institute for Astronomy. The combination of relatively small mirrors with very large digital cameras results in an economical observing system that can observe the entire available sky several times each month.
The SHOES (Supernova H0 for the Equation of State) Team and led by Adam Riess, of the Space Telescope Science Institute and the Johns Hopkins University, uses a number of refinements to streamline and strengthen the construction of a cosmic “distance ladder,” a billion light-years in length, that astronomers use to determine the universe’s expansion rate.